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A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

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Table 2 University, industry and government's scientific production (numbers of papers) and relations per West African country (2001 to 2010)

From: Information flow within the West African innovation systems

Country Total U I G UI UG IG UIG
Benin 1,335 548 0 668 0 93 0 0
Burkina Faso 1,785 484 1 1,114 0 164 0 0
Cape Verde 52 14 3 26 0 1 0 0
Cote d'Ivoire 1,669 784 1 808 0 144 0 0
Gambia 986 7 0 208 0 5 0 0
Ghana 3,203 1,821 30 1,371 7 393 5 0
Guinea 241 49 3 168 0 11 0 0
Guinea Bissau 225 16 0 185 0 13 0 0
Liberia 49 14 0 26 0 4 0 0
Mali 1,204 517 0 569 0 85 0 0
Niger 586 196 0 304 0 16 0 0
Nigeria 15,569 13,669 101 2,683 53 1,339 14 7
Senegal 2,544 1,062 3 1,172 0 180 0 0
Sierra Leone 117 48 2 60 0 8 0 0
Togo 433 225 1 191 0 26 0 0