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A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

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Table 3 Mutual information, efficiency and transmission power in the West African regional innovation system (2001 to 2010)

From: Information flow within the West African innovation systems

Year H UI H UG H IG T UI T UG T IG H UIG T UIG η(%) τ(%)
2001 955.865 1,286.049 1,012.942 2.442 614.59 0.555 1,302.003 −16.631 46.38 2.62
2002 931.816 1,305.719 1,011.11 8.00 559.293 1.064 1,312.687 −27.457 46.76 4.61
2003 955.245 1,341.708 1,035.819 4.492 527.666 2.93 1,366.786 −32.054 48.69 5.65
2004 897.325 1,281.585 988.034 1.65 537.846 2.513 1,294.369 −18.098 46.11 3.23
2005 899.961 1,321.885 1,003.876 2.292 505.689 1.336 1,339.818 −18.384 47.73 3.48
2006 887.04 1,283.405 993.949 0.856 508.355 0.714 1,307.019 −20.216 46.56 3.81
2007 828.477 1,241.652 963.006 1.422 465.821 1.442 1,266.507 −15.719 45.11 3.24
2008 820.374 1,242.741 981.809 1.917 420.384 0.259 1,293.071 −18.110 46.06 4.11
2009 745.523 1,175.459 921.863 0.872 401.677 0.829 1,207.097 −12.637 43.00 3.04
2010 830.119 1,278.736 987.123 1.738 424.206 1.029 1,315.113 −19.390 46.85 4.34
Total 859.781 1,271.635 985.837 1.778 475.607 0.966 1,300.798 −18.652 46.34 3.75
  1. Entropies and transmissions in millibits of information.