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A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

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Table 1 Linkages in innovation systems, according to the World Bank's ‘Knowledge Economy Index’ (measured on the scale from 1 to 7, data for 2010)

From: Technology platforms in Russia: a catalyst for connecting government, science, and business?

Indicator USA UK Germany France Brazil India China Russia
Cooperation of companies and universities 5.8 5.6 5.2 4.0 4.3 3.7 4.6 3.7
Presence of value chains 5.1 5.5 6.3 5.7 3.7 3.9 4.0 2.6
  1. Source: http://info.worldbank.org/etools/kam2/KAM_page3.asp.