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A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Triple Helix Cover Image

Table 4 High-tech industry and as a percentage of gross industrial output (2010)

From: Four dimensions to observe a Triple Helix: invention of ‘cored model’ and differentiation of institutional and functional spheres

100 million CNY Expenditure on R&D Percentage of gross industrial output
Aircraft and spacecraft 92.8 5.81
Computers and office equipments 117.6 0.59
Electronic and telecommunication equipments 572.4 1.59
Medical equipments and meters 62.4 1.11
Pharmaceuticals 122.6 1.04
Total 967.8 1.3
  1. Source: (MOST 2011c).