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A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Table 2 Icons used for representing model relationships, ref. (Saeed 2008 )

From: Start-up research universities, high aspirations in a complex reality: a Russian start-up university case analysis using stakeholder value analysis and system dynamics modeling

Process Icon Explanation
Stock Accumulation or integration of flows linked to the icon
Flow A rate of change or a derivative of a stock. Empty arrowhead indicates normal direction of flow. Normally connected to a stock. Cloud at one end represents unlimited source or sink
Converter Algebraic function of stocks, other converters, and constants
Graphical function Graphically represented function of another variable in the system
Causal link Information relationship between two variables