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A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Table 1 Metropolitan area indicators for the innovation ecosystem cases

From: Relational capital for shared vision in innovation ecosystems

Source Indicator Austin Metropolitan Area Twin Cities Corridor Greater Metropolitan Paris
OECD metro databasea Population in cities (2012) 1.8 million 3.4 million 11.8 million
Total land area (2012) 11,084 km2 16,402 km2 12,089 km2
Concentration of pop in the core (2012) 67,98% 49,78% 79.27%
Labor force (2012) 0.9 million 1.8 million 5.7 million
Unemployment annual average growth rate (2012) 6.999% 5.716% 0.289%
GDP (2010) 78 billion US$ 148 billion US$ 579 billion US$
GDP per capita (2010) 45,405 US$ 45,342 US$ 49,498 US$
PCT patent applications per 10,000 inhabitants (2008) 2.68 5.21 2.14
PCT patent application annual growth (2008) −1.41% 2.26% 4.52%
Brookings Institute, The Metro Monitorb Combined performance 2014 of 100 US Metropolitan areas 1st 30th -
Recession: 7th Recession: 53rd  
Recovery: 2nd Recovery: 39th  
Brookings Institute, The Global Metro Monitorc Economic growth data (real GDP per capita and employment change) for the largest 300 metropolitan economies worldwide, 2011 to 2012 61st 209th 262nd
GDP (2012) 91.7 billion US$ 192.0 billion US$ 669.2 billion US$
GDP per capita (2012) 49,844 US$ 57,348 US$ 53,881 US$
Brookings Institute, The 20 most innovative cities in the USd Patenting and innovation in Metropolitan America (2013) Number 9 Number 20 -
Patents per million residents 1,503 945  
Average number of patents per year 2,497 3,068  
Top industry Computer hardware/peripherals Surgery and medical instruments  
Innovation cities index globale Global ranking with 445 benchmark cities, analyst ranked this year (2014) Number 44 Number 57 Number 5
  1. a http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=REG_INNO_TL2#; b http://www.brookings.edu/research/interactives/metromonitor#/M12420; c http://www.brookings.edu/research/interactives/metromonitor#/M33460; d http://www.brookings.edu/research/interactives/2013/metropatenting; e http://www.innovation-cities.com/innovation-cities-index-2014-global/8889.