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A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Table 3 Network metrics for ecosystem relational capital indicators

From: Relational capital for shared vision in innovation ecosystems

Relational capital indicator


Network metric


The size and composition of the ecosystem

Number of nodes

Numbers of edges

Types of actors


Number of connections between nodes in the ecosystem

Ratio of edge to node

Relationship potential

Average number of available connections per entity

Average degree


The actual interconnectedness in the ecosystem relative to the potential


Linking Factor

Showing the availability of bridging relationships across the ecosystem

Average betweenness centrality


The ecosystem’s ability to change over time based on the connections among individual entities

Main component - size and proportion