Skip to main content

Advertisement

A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Triple Helix Cover Image

Table 1 R&D inputs and the weight of R&D performing sectors, EU27, 2000 and 2012 (%)

From: Types of knowledge and diversity of business-academia collaborations: implications for measurement and policy

  2000 2012
GERD/GDP 1.85 2.08
Share of researchers (FTE) in total employment 0.54 0.77
Business sector   
BERD/GERD 63.75 62.36
Share of business researchers (FTE) 46.00 46.48
Higher education sector   
HERD/GERD 21.18 23.88
Share of HE researchers (FTE) 37.69 40.16
Government sector   
GOVERD/GERD 14.29 12.89
Share of government researchers (FTE) 15.24 12.17
  1. Source: Eurostat and author’s calculation based on Eurostat data