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A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Triple Helix Cover Image

Table 4 Triple Helix sectorial outputs for South Korea (2001–2010)

From: Effect of international collaboration on knowledge flow within an innovation system: a Triple Helix approach

  UI UG IG UIG
  d F g D F G D f g d f g
2001 276 32 334 2160 497 3246 72 11 85 57 17 102
2002 343 45 432 2551 599 3853 71 13 89 87 16 136
2003 463 44 547 3339 711 4978 78 24 103 106 21 180
2004 476 55 597 3728 842 5502 100 15 115 129 26 199
2005 541 53 654 4258 1065 6369 127 19 141 119 30 197
2006 615 79 772 4752 1084 6931 150 16 167 157 35 245
2007 742 70 888 5282 1300 7804 113 14 134 192 45 290
2008 850 70 998 6084 1479 8852 128 23 145 190 51 313
2009 962 89 1144 6989 1716 10,062 136 32 157 255 64 392
2010 994 86 1156 7658 1969 11,106 141 33 157 255 75 409
Total 6262 623 7522 46,801 11,262 68,703 1116 200 1293 1547 380 2463