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A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Triple Helix Cover Image

Table 7 Mutual information (T uig, in millibits) and transmission power (τ) for South Korea (2001–2010) at domestic, foreign and global levels

From: Effect of international collaboration on knowledge flow within an innovation system: a Triple Helix approach

Year South Korea Foreign Global \( \frac{\tau_g-{\tau}_d}{\tau_g}\ \left(\%\right) \)
T uig τ d T uig τ f T uig τ g
2001 −58.151 15.32 −41.944 13.24 −49.904 17.45 13.90
2002 −59.328 16.81 −42.293 13.54 −46.684 18.08 7.56
2003 −52.915 15.77 −49.976 14.71 −43.775 18.04 14.39
2004 −54.57 16.75 −51.463 17 −44.625 18.93 13.01
2005 −52.934 15.86 −38.124 13.43 −43.132 17.97 13.30
2006 −51,671 15.61 −42,402 14.45 −40,816 16,86 8.01
2007 −54,291 15.75 −41,293 15.13 −44,681 17.55 11.43
2008 −47,751 15.8 −26,366 9.97 −36,78 17.07 8.04
2009 −35,686 12.84 −37,811 15.03 −31 15.85 23.44
2010 −33,218 12.19 −28,651 11.96 −23,898 12.93 6.07
2001-2010 −48,036 15.17 −38,561 13.89 −38,685 17 12.06