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Table 3 VRS technical efficiency scores and benchmarks

From: Efficiency of the knowledge triangle policy in the EU member states: DEA approach

Output-oriented, VRS
DMU Score Benchmark (Lambda) Times as a benchmark for another DMU
Estonia 1.00 Estonia (1.00) 7
Portugal 1.00 Portugal (1.00) 5
Germany 1.00 Germany (1.00) 4
Slovenia 1.00 Slovenia (1.00) 3
Denmark 1.00 Denmark (1.00) 2
France 1.00 France (1.00) 2
Ireland 1.00 Ireland (1.00) 2
Sweden 1.00 Sweden (1.00) 2
Netherlands 1.00 Netherlands (1.00) 1
Romania 1.00 Romania (1.00) 1
Belgium 1.00 Belgium (1.00) 0
Czech Republic 1.00 Czech Republic (1.00) 0
Hungary 1.00 Hungary (1.00) 0
Italy 1.00 Italy (1.00) 0
Latvia 1.00 Latvia (1.00) 0
Poland 1.00 Poland (1.00) 0
United Kingdom 1.01 Estonia (0.34); France (0.13); Ireland (0.22); Netherlands (0.31) 0
Greece 1.04 Estonia (0.88); Portugal (0.12) 0
Finland 1.09 Denmark (0.31); Germany (0.14); Slovenia (0.52); Sweden (0.03) 0
Austria 1.16 Estonia (0.10); France (0.04); Germany (0.40); Ireland (0.14); Sweden (0.31) 0
Croatia 1.23 Estonia (0.43); Germany (0.05); Portugal (0.14); Slovenia (0.38) 0
Lithuania 1.23 Estonia (0.68); Romania (0.32) 0
Slovakia 1.37 Estonia (0.88); Portugal (0.12) 0
Spain 1.59 Denmark (0.33); Germany (0.17); Portugal (0.06); Slovenia (0.43) 0
Bulgaria 2.27 Estonia (0.92); Portugal (0.08) 0
  1. DMUs being benchmarks for inefficient DMUS are marked in italics. Source: own calculations based on MaxDEA software