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Table 5 Scale efficiency, returns to scale and intensity of scale inefficiency

From: Efficiency of the knowledge triangle policy in the EU member states: DEA approach

DMU Scale efficiency score RTS Intensity of scale inefficiency S 0
Belgium 1 Constant 0.00
Estonia 1 Constant 0.00
France 1 Constant 0.00
Germany 1 Constant 0.00
Hungary 1 Constant 0.00
Ireland 1 Constant 0.00
Italy 1 Constant 0.00
Romania 1 Constant 0.00
Slovenia 1 Constant 0.00
Lithuania 0.98 Decreasing 0.08
Bulgaria 0.97 Decreasing 0.09
Greece 0.96 Decreasing 0.15
Portugal 0.96 Decreasing 0.13
Slovakia 0.96 Decreasing 0.13
Czech Republic 0.91 Decreasing 0.11
Croatia 0.89 Decreasing 0.05
Sweden 0.87 Decreasing 0.13
Austria 0.85 Decreasing 0.10
Spain 0.85 Decreasing 0.11
Finland 0.83 Decreasing 0.14
Latvia 0.83 Increasing −0.10
United Kingdom 0.8 Decreasing 0.13
Poland 0.74 Increasing −0.09
Denmark 0.72 Decreasing 0.24
Netherlands 0.58 Decreasing 0.32
  1. Source: Own calculations based on MaxDEA software. Countries with increasing returns to scale (RTS) are in italics.