Skip to main content

Advertisement

A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Triple Helix Cover Image

Table 4 World economic forum data, China and Russia

From: The Triple Helix after communism: Russia and China compared

Ranking in 2006–2007 and 2014–2015
Indicator 2006–2007 2014–2015
Production process sophistication
  China 89 56
  Russia 70 92
Innovation capacity   
  China 43 40
  Russia 49 66
Quality of scientific research institutions
  China 63 39
  Russia 32 56
Enterprise funding of R&D   
  China 39 23
  Russia 44 62
Business-university collaboration in R&D   
  China 27 32
  Russia 54 67
Government procurement fosters innovation in advanced technologies   
  China 21 10
  Russia 79 81
Availability of scientists and engineers
  China 86 43
  Russia 46 70
Patent applications (per 1 million pop.)   
  China 49 43
  Russia 38 41
Intellectual property protection
  China 74 53
  Russia 112 107
  1. World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Reports, 2006–2007 and 2014–2015. Ranking each year. Note that the number of countries included increased from 125 in 2006–2007 to 144 in 2014–2015