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A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

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Table 6 Summary of studies related to economic impact

From: Assessing economic impact of research and innovation originating from public research institutions and universities—case of Singapore PRIs

Economic impact indicators Authors
Country competitiveness van Hemert and Nijkamp 2010
Earnings of non-farm worker Goldstein and Drucker 2006
Goldstein and Renault 2004
Economic growth Bozeman 2000
Employment Conceição et al. 1998
Kramer et al. 1997
Pressman et al. 1995
Riddel and Schwer. 2003
Swann and Prevezer 1996
Employment and income Armstrong 1993
Brownrigg 1973
Lewis 1988
Employment and output Glasson 2003
Employment growth Henderson and Weiler 2010
Lendel 2010
Employment, income and output Felsenstein 1996
Harris 1997
Pastor et al. 2013,
Roessner et al. 2013
Employment, output and income Roessner et al. 2010
Expenditures from staff and students Steinacker 2005
GDP contributed by university R&D Martin 1998
GDP growth and income growth Baldwin and McCracken 2013
Human capital Huffman and Quigley 2002
Nagle 2007
Perkmann et al. 2011
Income and output Bleaney et al. 1992
Jobs created Gulbrandsen and Rasmussen 2012
Miner et al. 2012
Wallmark 1997
Physical capital or labour Tassey 2005
Private and social rates of return on projects Weiler 2000
Private and social rates of return to public R&D Jamison and Jansen 2000
Salter and Martin 2001
Property rent Sivitanidou and Sivitanides 1995
Social rate of return on academic research Mansfield 1991, 1995, 1998
Value-add Huggins and Johnston 2009