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A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Table 3 Characteristics of entrepreneurs and their relationships

From: Networks of entrepreneurs driving the Triple Helix: two cases of the Dutch energy system

  Private entrepreneurs Public entrepreneurs Academic entrepreneurs
Profit-oriented firms Civic entrepreneurs
Goals Private goals Private and public goals Public goals Public goals
Incentives (examples) • Profit or self-employment
• Using engineering in creative ways
• Being the most important player in the industry
• Profit and energy sustainability in local communities
• Local job creation
• Energy sustainability in local communities • Societally and economically applicable research solutions
Examples of entrepreneurs Eneco; Alliander; E.On Benelux LochemEnergie Municipality of The Hague Research institute TNO; Universities: Technical University of Twente; University of Nijmegen