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A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Table 2 The EARTH synthesis

From: Educational Action Research and Triple Helix principles in entrepreneurship education: introducing the EARTH design to explore individuals in Triple Helix collaboration

The EARTH synthesis of educational action research and Triple Helix
Approach Collaboration Change/innovation Equality Ideology
Educational action research A community of interests constitutes collaboration
Co-creation and participation with, for and by persons and communities involved.
Cooperation, co-learning, collective action
Teacher researcher as coordinator
Co-creation and participation with, for and by persons and communities involved.
Professional development and reflections on roles and processes
Development of practical solutions
Learning is central
A democratic, participatory process
Emergent processes
A better world Increased well-being for person and society
Social change as mean and goal
Action leads to new knowledge
Triple helix The three helixes constitute systems and collaborations
Spaces of knowledge, innovation, consensus
An innovation organizer or collaborative leadership may coordinate projects
Academia can provide graduates with entrepreneurial education and innovative talents, who can contribute to economic growth and job creation
New ideas and solutions by and for all parties
Civil society of free formations
Ideal symmetry
Take the role of the other in mutual dependency
Consensus Benefits for the actors involved, economic growth
Practical solutions Innovation as mean and goal