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A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Table 1 Models and government role

From: The public sector’s role in Norwegian network cooperation: triple helix or laissez-faire?

Model Government role Possible problems
Statist Dominating Lock-ins/path dependency
Sub-optimal solutions
Laissez-faire At a minimum; regulator and customer Greater differences between regions
TH Active role (e.g. in innovation and entrepreneurship) Mixture of roles—for businesses understand public role?