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A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

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Table 2 Characteristic functions of the Triple Helix system of selected countries’ Triple Helix game (values are in percentage)

From: Measuring synergy within a Triple Helix innovation system using game theory: cases of some developed and emerging countries

Coalitions u i g ui ug ig uig
USA 65.55 2.80 10.38 71.44 92.19 13.94 100
UK 57.48 1.71 17.57 61.70 94.20 19.85 100
Germany 58.32 1.15 14.14 61.16 95.41 15.95 100
France 33.01 1.23 34.10 35.31 95.31 36.43 100
Russia 21.86 0.45 48.30 22.65 97.90 49.46 100
India 37.87 1.78 41.80 40.53 96.27 44.13 100
Brazil 66.36 0.50 11.78 68.37 97.07 12.63 100
China 59.84 0.28 17.14 61.19 97.83 17.72 100