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A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Triple Helix Cover Image

Table 1 Analytical approaches to HEI involvement

From: The Role the University Could Play in an Inclusive Regional Innovation System

  Traditional (linear) approach Regional innovation system (non-linear, evolutionary) approach
Central idea Efforts in R&D generate innovation and commercialization and subsequently lead to better economic performance Interactive processes between varied and diverse actors, networks, continuous learning processes, and innovation-conducive institutions such as policy incentives and trust give rise to economic growth, technological dynamism, and competitiveness
View on innovation Clear division of labor between stages in the production process Linear flow of processes: no feedback loops in innovation process Innovation is iterative process characterized by trial and error and incremental adaptation at every stage
Continuous interaction between different actors is crucial
Actively include users in innovation process
Continuous feedback loops from users to manufacturer
View on the role of HEI HEI as sources of academic knowledge and providers of academic education
Focus on key economic performance indicators: research excellence (papers) and application of science in manufacturing (patents)
HEI as regional system builders in direct interaction with societal partners
Focus on system emergence
Innovation as inter-stakeholder learning
Emphasis on the role of institutions as being conducive to regional innovativeness
Interactions between actors The triple helix model The engaged university
Relationships between universities, industry and government are hybrid, recursive and cross-institutional Active and initiating role of universities in regional development
  1. Source: Marjolein C.J. Caniëls and Herman van den Bosch (2011)