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A Journal of University-Industry-Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Table 4 Development status and consistency in innovation system context of China and the developing countries

From: The Role the University Could Play in an Inclusive Regional Innovation System


Consistent performance

Basis of competitiveness

Using technology to learn and standardize production competition

Availability of skilled labor

Lack of skilled labor

Position of skilled industry in economy

Manufacturing cheap products key pillar of economy

Use of technology and skills

Focusing on simple manufacturing tasks using little technology and much

  1. Source: the authors adapted from Kroll and Liefner (2008) and Eun et al. (2006)