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Table 9 The eight example models of university technology transfer organizations at Tsinghua University

From: Towards a typology of university technology transfer organizations in China: evidences from Tsinghua University

Models of UTTOs Examples Period of existence Compared to the typology in Schoen et al. (2014)
Type 1 Original technology transfer offices Science and Technology Development Service Department 1983~1990 Corresponding to Type A
Type 2 Renewed technology transfer offices Science and Technology Department & Scientific Reserach Institute 1992~ Corresponding to Type A
Type 3 University-run enterprises Tsinghua University Science and Technology Development Corporation 1988~1992 Not being reflected
Type 4 University science parks Tsinghua University Science Park Development Center(TusPark) 1994~ Corresponding to Type C
Type 5 University-owned enterprises Tsinghua Holdings Co., Ltd 2003~ Corresponding to Type C
Type 6 National Engineering Research Centers National CIMS Engineering Research Center (CISM) 1994~ Close to Type D
Type 7 University-region joint research institutes The Research Institute of Tsinghua University in Beijing 1990s~ Close to Type C
Type 8 University-enterprise joint research centers Tsinghua-BP Clean Energy Research and Education Center 2003~ Close to Type A